Questions and answers
- Increased secretion of sebaceous glands
- Broken hair follicles
- Abnormal reproduction of bacteria
- Open comedones (black heads) The hair follicle is blocked by a fat stopper. When the cork is on the surface of the skin, it comes in contact with the air, oxidizes and turns black.
- Closed comedones (white heads) A white fat head is a small white tubercle under the skin. If left untreated, these white dots, they grow under the skin, stretch the wall of the hair follicle, so that the walls are broken, and oil flows into the skin. This leads to an inflammatory process, which manifests itself in the appearance of the red population, i.e. red, swollen, inflamed pimples.
- Pustules Purulent pimples are a severe form of acne that indicates infection.
- Cysts This is the most severe stage in the development of acne, which is characterized by the formation of numerous, deep and severe inflammations that look like seals on the skin. As they expand and grow, they accumulate pus, and they turn into abscesses. Severe, inflamed acne leaves deep scars, which look like hollow cavities.
- Exercised acne
Usually occurs in girls due to the treatment of acne by aggressive methods. This problem is characterized by the fact that there are almost no white or black comedones on the skin, but there are many inflamed areas. These inflamed places appear due to the fact that acne has been touched and scratched.
- Acne in pregnant women
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can lead to a rash of acne, worsen or, conversely, improve the condition of an existing acne.
- Acne “middle age” (acne climacterica)
Some women after forty are disrupted hormonal background due to menopause or discontinuation of taking birth control pills. As a result, acne can appear. Additional causes may include stress, stress, poorly selected medications and the use of excessively oily cosmetics. All these reasons can lead to the appearance and development of acne.
- Rosacea (acne pink)
It is a skin disease that causes redness, pustules and swelling on the face. Rosacea is not like ordinary acne. With this form, black and white comedones do not form on the skin. Rosacea, characteristic for rosacea, appears in the central part of the face, and subsequently spreads to the forehead, nose, cheeks and chin.
With the development of the disease, blood vessels expand, and pustules appear on the affected areas, the skin becomes oily, and dandruff appears on the skin of the crown.
- Nicotine stains that result from smoking
- Yellow spots that result from a malfunction in the lymphatic system
- Yellowing of the nails (and teeth) as a result of taking large doses of antibiotics from the group of tetracyclines.
Clarifying substances are those substances that affect the rate of melanin formation and the produced early melanin.
The color of the skin is related to the amount of pigment called melanin. There are other factors on which the color of the skin depends, but their influence is small:
the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood (the face can be pale due to the lowered hemoglobin level) and the amount of carotene in the skin. Melanin is a pigment that is responsible for the color of the skin, hair and eyes, and it forms in the depth of the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin). The change in the amount of melanin is associated with many factors, for example, exposure to sunlight, genetic predisposition, hormonal background, drugs, skin infections and exposure to chemicals.
Clarifying and exfoliating substances act together. The former lead to the breakdown of melanin and the retention of the tyrosinase enzyme, while the latter accelerate the renewal of the basal layer.
Clarifying agents that will help in the fight against hyperpigmentation: azelaic acid, ester-C, kojic acid, alpha-lipoic acid, arbutin (vegetable hydroquinone), hydroquinone (medicinal) and liquorice extract.
The ingrown nail is a nail that grows into the soft tissue of the finger, in most cases, from its lateral margin. The ingrown nail, as a rule, is the result of a nail fungus, therefore it is necessary to start treating the fungus immediately when it occurs, in order to avoid chronic curvature of the finger. Other causes of ingrown nail formation:
- Improper cutting of nails – the nails should be cut exceptionally straight, you can not cut and round the edges. · The pressure of the shoe on the nail of a curved shape leads to the nail crashing inward and into the nail roller.
The skin in the eye area is much thinner and more sensitive than the skin of other parts of the face. The muscles around the eyes are not very firm, so the musculature in this area is weak, and this manifests itself in premature skin flabbiness.
Near the eyes there are no sebaceous glands, which leads to dryness. In the eye area is a close network of capillaries and a minimal layer of subcutaneous fat. The skin around the eyes is characterized by mobility, caused by the movements of the eyes, blinking, change of facial expression. All these factors affect the tendency of the skin around the eyes to edema. In addition, it is here that the first age signs will appear.
- Protect skin from sun. The sun is the main cause of skin damage. Since the eye area is very sensitive, it is recommended that it be protected with sunglasses.
- Regularly apply day and night creams intended for the eye area. It is desirable that it is a cream (or gel or serum) of a gentle consistency, suitable for an acidity level of pH 7, which differs from the usual level of acidity of the facial skin, pH 5.5
- Try to avoid excessive mobility of the face, excessive blinking can damage the skin of this tender area. Numerous grimaces leave their mark – these wrinkles are known under the name “crow’s feet”, and also – CROWS FEET.
- Try not to irritate the eye area with unsuitable drugs and preparations. This can lead to swelling, and when they pass, the skin may remain saggy.
Over time, genes that are responsible for the formation of proteins that protect the skin from aging, gradually cease to function. The skin is dehydrated, loses its shine, wrinkles and wrinkles appear on it. Therefore, it is recommended to introduce the missing vitamins and minerals into the skin, which give it moisture and a lively appearance.
The most important of these substances are listed below:
Vitamin A – retinol
The most important vitamin for caring for aging skin, which has the greatest beneficial effect on it. It affects the healthy functioning of cells, the formation of collagen and elastin, tightness (tone) and moisturizing the skin.
It has an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect, moisturizes the skin, and most importantly – strengthens the formation of collagen.
It is an antioxidant substance that helps the skin to retain moisture
Promotes the renewal of collagen in the dermis and improves the condition of dry skin
Glycolic, lactic, citric, malic and other acids. They contribute to the removal of the stratum corneum, the renewal of cells in the epidermis and the moistening of the skin.
Peptides regenerate the skin, affect the formation of collagen, tighten wrinkles, delay their appearance and improve their appearance.
Antioxidant, which is contained in large quantities in fish. It is recommended to combine it with other antioxidants and nutrients to improve the appearance of saggy skin.
Known for its ability to retain a large amount of water, exceeding its weight by hundreds of times. It tightens the skin and moisturizes it.
The fluid that forms in the breast of nursing women in the first days after the birth of a child. Colostrum thicker than regular milk, has a light yellowish shade and richer antibodies and nutrients. Accelerates the renewal of skin.
A fat molecule that is used in cosmetology to restore cell membranes and helps keep the skin moisturized and soft. Lecithin is essential for the skin. Especially beneficial it affects the aging, dry and cracked skin.
An important component of cosmetic products for moisturizing the skin. The use of urea helps restore skin and strengthens its hydration.
- Absence of sebaceous glands that supply the skin with fat
- Too thin subcutaneous fatty layer (leads to wrinkles and saggy skin)
- Absence of sebaceous glands that supply the skin with fat
- This skin is much thinner and more sensitive than the skin of other parts of the face
- A large concentration of blood capillaries and a minimally thin subcutaneous fat layer tend to edema.
- Blinking and excessive facial mobility accelerate the appearance of age-related symptoms
All these factors lead to increased sensitivity of the skin of the neck and eye area – it is on the skin of these zones that the signs of age first appear.
Day care for the eye area and neck: as a rule, any cream that is applied to the face, and can be applied to the neck, especially when it comes to young women whose skin is in good condition, and that is sufficient to use a moisturizer containing UV filters. When the skin ages, and age signs appear on it, it is recommended to use a special cream, either an enriched cream or a serum that meets the needs of the skin of the neck and eyes.
Serums contain a high concentration of nutrients and are easily absorbable liquids that are designed to be applied under the cream.
Night care for the neck and eyes: night is a time of real care, when the systems of the human organs rest and allow the body to recover from the losses incurred by the day. What means to use? Any enriched nutritious cream, suitable for the delicate skin of the eyes and neck.